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Urinary Tract Infection

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in any part of your urinary system — your kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Mostly infections occur in the lower urinary tract — the bladder and the urethra.

Compare to Men, Women are at greater risk of developing a UTI. Infection limited to your bladder can be painful and annoying. However, serious consequences can occur if a UTI spreads to your kidneys.


  • A burning sensation when urinating
  • A frequent or intense urge to pee
  • Cloudy, dark, bloody, or strong-smelling pee
  • Passing frequent, small amounts of urine
  • Feeling tired or shaky
  • Fever or chills (a sign that the infection may have reached your kidneys)
  • Pain or pressure in your back or lower abdomen

Types of UTIs

An infection can happen in different parts of your urinary tract. Each type has a different name, based on where it is.

Cystitis (bladder): You might feel like you need to pee a lot, or it might hurt when you pee. You might also have lower belly pain and cloudy or bloody urine.

Pyelonephritis (kidneys): This can cause fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, and pain in your upper back or side.

Urethritis (urethra): This can cause a discharge and burning when urinating

Reasons for UTI

Large numbers of bacteria live in the area around the vagina and rectum, and also on your skin. Bacteria may get into the urine from the urethra and travel into the bladder. They may even travel up to the kidney. But no matter how far they go, bacteria in the urinary tract can cause problems.

Some factors that can add to your chances of getting a UTI are:

Body Factors

Some women are genetically predisposed to UTIs and have urinary tracts that make it easier for bacteria to cling to them. Sexual intercourse can also affect how often you get UTIs.

Birth Control

Women who use diaphragms have also been found to have a higher risk of UTIs when compared to those who use other forms of birth control.

Abnormal Anatomy

Anatomical abnormalities in the urinary tract may also lead to UTIs. These abnormalities are often found in children at an early age but can still be found in adults. There may be structural abnormalities, such as outpouchings called diverticula, that harbor bacteria in the bladder or urethra or even blockages, such as an enlarged bladder, that keep the body from draining all the urine from the bladder.

Immune System

Issues such as diabetes (high blood sugar) also put people at higher risk for UTIs because the body is not able to fight off germs as well.

Contact your doctor if you have any signs and symptoms of a UTI.

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What are ovarian cysts?


The ovaries are part of the female reproductive system. They’re located in the lower abdomen on both sides of the uterus. Women have two ovaries that produce eggs as well as the hormones estrogen and progesterone.

Sometimes, a fluid-filled sac called a cyst will develop on one of the ovaries. Many women will develop at least one cyst during their lifetime. In most cases, cysts are painless and cause no symptoms.

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets in an ovary or on its surface. Women have two ovaries — each about the size and shape of an almond — on each side of the uterus. Eggs (ova), which develop and mature in the ovaries, are released in monthly cycles during the childbearing years.

Many women have ovarian cysts at some time. Most ovarian cysts present little or no discomfort and are harmless. The majority disappears without treatment within a few months.

Symptoms of an ovarian cyst

Often times, ovarian cysts do not cause any symptoms. However, symptoms can appear as the cyst grows. Symptoms may include:

  • abdominal bloating or swelling
  • painful bowel movements
  • pelvic pain before or during the menstrual cycle
  • painful intercourse
  • pain in the lower back or thighs
  • breast tenderness
  • nausea and vomiting

Severe symptoms of an ovarian cyst that require immediate medical attention include:

  • severe or sharp pelvic pain
  • fever
  • faintness or dizziness
  • rapid breathing

When to see a doctor

Seek immediate medical attention if you have:

  • Sudden, severe abdominal or pelvic pain
  • Pain with fever or vomiting

If you have these signs and symptoms or those of shock — cold, clammy skin; rapid breathing; and lightheadedness or weakness — see a doctor right away.

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How to Wear Face Mask Properly

Wearing a face mask in public helps prevent the spread of COVID-19 — but only if worn properly, covering both your nose and mouth. Read our mask-wearing tips to get the maximum protection for yourself and others.

There are several types of facemasks. The most common are:

  • Medical (or surgical) masks – for general public use
  • N95 particle respirator masks – for health care professionals

Face Mask

Face masks are one tool utilized for preventing the spread of disease.  They may also be called dental, isolation, laser, medical, procedure, or surgical masks. Face masks are loose-fitting masks that cover the nose and mouth, and have ear loops or ties or bands at the back of the head. There are many different brands and they come in different colors. It is important to use a face mask approved by the FDA.

What is a face mask used for

Facemasks help limit the spread of germs.  When someone talks, coughs, or sneezes they may release tiny drops into the air that can infect others. If someone is ill a face masks can reduce the number of germs that the wearer releases and can protect other people from becoming sick.  A face mask also protects the wearer’s nose and mouth from splashes or sprays of body fluids.

Steps to wear Face Mask

  1. Clean your hands with soap and water or hand sanitizer before touching the mask.
  2. Remove a mask from the box and make sure there are no obvious tears or holes in either side of the mask.
  3. Determine which side of the mask is the top. The side of the mask that has a stiff bendable edge is the top and is meant to mold to the shape of your nose.
  4. Determine which side of the mask is the front. The colored side of the mask is usually the front and should face away from you, while the white side touches your face.
  5. Follow the instructions below for the type of mask you are using.
    • Face Mask with Ear loops: Hold the mask by the ear loops. Place a loop around each ear.
    • Face Mask with Ties: Bring the mask to your nose level and place the ties over the crown of your head and secure with a bow.
    • Face Mask with Bands: Hold the mask in your hand with the nosepiece or top of the mask at fingertips, allowing the headbands to hang freely below hands.  Bring the mask to your nose level and pull the top strap over your head so that it rests over the crown of your head.  Pull the bottom strap over your head so that it rests at the nape of your neck.
  6. Mold or pinch the stiff edge to the shape of your nose.
  7. If using a face mask with ties: Then take the bottom ties, one in each hand, and secure with a bow at the nape of your neck.
  8. Pull the bottom of the mask over your mouth and chin.

Tips to remove a face mask

  1. Clean your hands with soap and water or hand sanitizer before touching the mask.Avoid touching the front of the mask. The front of the mask is contaminated. Only touch the ear loops/ties/band.Follow the instructions below for the type of mask you are using.
  2. Face Mask with Ear loops: Hold both of the ear loops and gently lift and remove the mask.
  3. Face Mask with Ties: Untie the bottom bow first then untie the top bow and pull the mask away from you as the ties are loosened.
  4. Face Mask with Bands: Lift the bottom strap over your head first then pull the top strap over your head.
  5. Throw the mask in the trash. Clean your hands with soap and water or hand sanitizer once disposed the mask.

Important Note: If you are using a reusable cloth mask, at the end of the day, take the mask off from the straps (not touching the front), place in a pillowcase to keep the ties with the mask. Wash it in the washing machine with hot water and completely dry on medium or high heat.​

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What is Burping? Is it Serious?

Burping (belching) is as common and natural a bodily function as passing gas (farting). Excessive burping can sometimes be accompanied by discomfort or bloating.

Burping is your body’s way of getting rid of excess air from your upper digestive tract. Belches contain oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide.

What causes burping?

Usually, burping is a result of swallowed air building up in your esophagus, the tube that connects your throat to your stomach. This buildup of air is often brought on by:

  • drinking or eating too quickly
  • talking while you eat
  • drinking and eating with poorly fitting dentures
  • consuming carbonated drinks
  • smoking
  • sucking on hard candy
  • chewing gum

Other causes of burping are often accompanied by additional symptoms such as abdominal pain or heartburn. These include:

  • aerophagia, which is swallowing air as a nervous habit
  • gastritis, an inflammation of the stomach lining
  • gastrointestinal reflux disease (GERD), as people with this condition often swallow more frequently
  • acid reflux, which can also promote increased swallowing

How Can I Stop Burping?

If you want to stop burping a lot, try changing these six things:

  • Toss the Gum. If you chew gum, you’ll tend to have more air in your stomach.
  • Eat Slower. Eating slower helps you take in less air. Take time to sit down for a meal and avoid on-the-go meals.
  • Try Smaller Meals. Try smaller, more frequent meals rather than two-to-three larger meals per day.
  • Focus on Water. Carbonated beverages such as pop, sparkling water and beer cause more belching. The fizz is caused by carbon dioxide, which also causes burping.
  • Stop Smoking. When you inhale the smoke, you are also inhaling excess air into your stomach.

Check for Acid Reflux. Acid reflux creates a general irritation for the upper stomach and can affect the esophagus, which means more burping. You can try an over-the-counter antacid, but if discomfort happens often, talk to your doctor

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What is Cosmetic Gynecology?

What is Cosmetic Gynecology?

After years of practicing Obstetrics and Gynecology, performing multiple deliveries and gynecologic surgeries, we realized that women wanted and needed something more. She did not like the changes that were happening to her as she aged & after delivery of child. Women always wanted to be beautiful at any age!

We decided to offer Cosmetic Gynecology Specialists practice as we believe that we can offer our patients treatment options of, non-surgical and surgical that can restore a more youthful and pleasing appearance and make them feel more feminine and beautiful again.

At Dr Mehta’s Hospitals we are focused on restoring the quality of life for all women, our mission is to make you look, feel and function better and boost yourself-confidence. Cosmetic gynecology helps women both in physical and functional aspects.We understand that it might be embarrassing to talk about sexual issues to physicians but not seeking medical help may deteriorate physical and mental health.

Who needs cosmetic gynecology?

  1. Women who are uncomfortable about their lady parts, who are unsatisfied with the look, feel or its function.
  2. Women who are suffering from urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse.
  3. Women who cannot enjoy sex because they are unable to feel their partners anymore.
  4. Women who want to have enhanced sexual orgasms.
  5. Women who want to restore their “virginity”.
  6. Patients looking for skin lightening of the groin area

Non-surgical treatment options:

  • Vaginal Rejuvenation with Laser
  • Vaginal Rejuvenation with Radiofrequency
  • Laser Vulvar whitening
  • Laser vulvar skin Tightening
  • Fillers and injectables
  • G-Spot Amplification
  • O-Shot® for female Sexual quality enhancement

Surgical Treatment options:

  • Hymenoplasty
  • Labia MinoraPlasty
  • Labia MajoraPlasty
  • Clitoral Hoodectomy
  • Vaginal Tightening with Single Thread technique
  • Labia Majora Augmentation by fat graftin

When it comes to surgical or non-surgical treatments,Dr Mehta’s Hospitals is your best option because these procedures are intricate and require a high degree of expertise to achieve the desired results.

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What Is Mammogram?

A mammogram is an X-ray of the breast. It’s a screening tool used to detect and diagnose breast cancer. Together with regular clinical exams and monthly breast self-examinations, mammograms are a key element in the early diagnosis of breast cancer.

How is a mammogram done?

You will stand in front of a special X-ray machine. A technologist will place your breast on a clear plastic plate. Another plate will firmly press your breast from above. The plates will flatten the breast, holding it still while the X-ray is being taken. You will feel some pressure. The steps are repeated to make a side view of the breast. The other breast will be X-rayed in the same way. You will then wait while the technologist checks the four X-rays to make sure the pictures do not need to be re-done. Keep in mind that the technologist cannot tell you the results of your mammogram. Each woman’s mammogram may look a little different because all breasts are a little different.

How Do I Prepare for Mammography?

You will need to follow certain guidelines on the day of your mammography appointment. You can’t wear deodorants, body powders, or perfumes. Also, you shouldn’t apply any ointments or creams to your breasts or underarms. These substances can distort the images or look like calcifications, or calcium deposits, so it’s important to avoid them.

Be sure to tell your radiologist before the exam if you’re pregnant or breastfeeding. In general, you won’t be able to receive a screening mammogram at this time, but if necessary, your doctor can order other screening methods, such as an ultrasound.

What Do the Results Mean?

Images from a mammogram can help find calcifications, or calcium deposits, in your breasts. Most calcifications aren’t a sign of cancer. The test can also find cysts — fluid-filled sacs that may come and go normally during some women’s menstrual cycles — and any cancerous or noncancerous lumps.

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Vaginal Dryness: Don’t Ignore

Vaginal dryness occurs in women of all ages, but it becomes much more common after menopause. It’s estimated that the problem affects about half of postmenopausal women — most of whom, possibly as many as 90%, don’t seek treatment for their symptoms, which include not only dryness, but also irritation and pain during sexual intercourse.

Vaginal dryness is a common symptom experienced by women when they go through the menopause transition and possibly for many years after. However, vaginal dryness can happen at any age for several reasons.


Vaginal dryness is common symptom of menopause — and close to one out of every three women deals with it while going through “the change.” It becomes even more common afterward. It also makes the vagina thinner and less elastic. This is called vaginal atrophy.

Estrogen levels can also drop because of:

  • Childbirth and breastfeeding
  • Radiation or chemotherapy treatment for cancer
  • Surgical removal of the ovaries
  • Anti-estrogen medications used to treat uterine fibroids or endometriosis

Other causes of vaginal dryness include:

  • Sjogren’s syndrome (an autoimmune disorder that attacks cells in the body that produce moisture)
  • Allergy and cold medications
  • Certain antidepressants
  • Douching
  • Not enough foreplay before sex
  • No matter what the cause, vaginal dryness can be extremely uncomfortable. It can lead to itching, burning, and painful intercourse.
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Back to Work: Do’s & Don’ts of Resuming Office in COVID Pandemic

Employers are beginning to open offices as corona virus restrictions ease, yet medical experts still warn of flare-ups. This sets the stage for potential conflicts between employers who want employees back to work and employees who are tentative about returning. Remaining reasonable, assessing the rationale behind the employee’s hesitancy, and finding creative solutions will help set the stage for successful reopening.

Things you must keep in mind while going to work

  • Carry a hand sanitizer or paper soap and water with you.
  • Wear a face mask or face-cover before stepping out of the home. You can also wear a face shield to protect yourself.
  • Carry your own lunch, water bottle and required medications if any.
  • Make sure you are carrying all the frequently used items including earphones, chargers, power banks, laptop charger etc. This will ensure that you don’t have to borrow and prevent contamination.
  • If you are habitual of drinking tea and coffee, carry your own sachets to avoid loitering in the pantry.
  • Make sure to wipe the high-touch areas of your four-wheeler or two-wheeler before using them.

At office

  • Avoid touching lift buttons or use a tissue to touch it. If you are taking the stairs, avoid touching the walls or railing.
  • Make sure there are not more than two-three people in the lift, else take the next one. While in the lift, do not face each other.
  • Do not remove the face mask at any point. It is recommended that you do not use the same mask daily.
  • Before beginning your day’s work, disinfect the desk and the laptop/desktop. As you sit, make sure you at leave at least a seat’s distance between you and your colleague.
  • Maintain social distancing when you interact with people. Avoid shaking hands. In case of a meeting, make sure there are not too many people in the room at a time so that you can maintain social distancing.
  • If you absolutely have to touch a handle or a door knob, sanitize your hands immediately.
  • At lunchtime, wash your hands properly before you start eating. Eat at a distance from others.

​Things to keep in mind after returning home

  • Put all your clothes in the washer as soon as you enter the home.
  • Do not interact with anyone or touch anything else before taking a bath.
  • You can also do gargles and take steam after coming back home.
  • Wash the face-covering properly or take out a different mask to use the next day.
  • Make sure to sanitize lunch bags, mobile phones, laptop etc after returning home.

Last and most importantly, avoid going to your workplace in case you feel sick or show some worrying symptoms.

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Nails Health: All you need to know about Nails

Did you know your nails can reveal clues to your overall health? Your nails reveal more than you might think. When you have a nail disorder, people notice.

Not sure what’s normal and what’s not? Here are some clues to help you determine what healthy nails look like, and when there could be a problem

Signs of Normal Nails

  • Uniform in color
  • Smooth with no grooves or pits
  • Attached to the skin
  • White lunula (“little moon”) just above the cuticle

 Signs of Abnormal Nails

  • Discoloration
  • Spots
  • Separation of nail from skin
  • Thinning or thickening
  • Oddly shaped

Why are your nails changing color?

Yellow Nails

Yellow nails are, believe it or not, relatively common, and usually caused by one of two factors: an infection or a reaction from a product you’ve been using, such as nail polish.

Smokers may yellow their nails with tobacco. If they resist treatment, your yellow nails may indicate psoriasis, thyroid problems, or diabetes.

Blue Nails

Nails can take on a blue appearance for lots of reasons. Technically your nail isn’t blue—just the nail bed beneath. Your nail bed is free of skin pigment, leaving it vulnerable to blue coloring in several ways.

One cause of blue nails is silver poisoning (argyria). Because your nail beds have no skin pigment, they can be one of the first places to show signs of silver deposits. People, who work with silver, including silver miners and silverware manufacturers, are at risk of argyria.

Rippled Nails

Nail pitting is a classical sign of psoriasis in the nail. This appears as tiny holes in the nail surface. Rippling of the nail surface is seen in patients with dermatitis of the fingertips. This can be a result of atopic dermatitis, irritant dermatitis, or allergic contact dermatitis.

Split or Cracked Nails

Nail brittleness is a common condition of the elderly. Typically, the cause remains undiscovered, partly because there are so many potential causes. Nail brittleness can result from drugs, a trauma to the nail, or a number of diseases or nutrient deficiencies. When brittle nails split, the name your dermatologist uses may depend on how they split. When nails begin to split horizontally, the condition is called onychoschizia. But when they split along the direction the nail grows, this is called onychorrhexis.

Puffy Nail Fold Infection (Paronychia)

The skin around the edge of your nail, known as the nail fold, can be damaged by many things. When it gets puffy and swollen, doctors call it paronychia, which can be either chronic or acute. Acute paronychia usually develops from an infection. But if your nail bed is chronically puffy, you probably have a chemical irritation.

There are other reasons for puffy nail beds, too. People whose hands are frequently soaking in water—dishwashers, food handlers, and swimmers, to name a few—may get it. People with diabetes are more vulnerable to it too, as are those who take certain HIV medications.

Dark Lines Beneath the Nail

There are a number of reasons for the appearance of a linear brown or black streak extending from the cuticle to the tip of the nail. Since it is not possible to visualize the source of the color since it resides in the nail matrix below the nail fold, it is frequently a cause for anxiety in the patients and their doctors. A biopsy may be necessary to rule out skin cancer.

Chewed Nails

Are you a nail biter? The technical term is “onychophagia,” and this common stress-relieving habit is found in both children and adults. It can have both obvious and subtle health consequences. Most obviously, chewing your nails leaves them looking raw and rough. But other health problems may include:

  • Intestinal parasites picked up from your nails
  • Jaw pain and dysfunction
  • Fungal nail infections
  • Stomach infections from swallowing nail pieces

White Spots on Nails

White spots on nails are common and usually harmless. They usually appear on the nails of your fingers. Toenails are less commonly affected, but they can appear there as well. The majority of these cases involve a slight trauma to the nail plate itself (what we commonly refer to simple as “the nail.”) If you’ve rapped your nails against a hard object, or if they’ve bent but not broken, a white line or spot may develop. In these cases, the treatment is simple: wait for the spot to grow out of your nail, then clip it off.

Sometimes white spots develop at birth in the same place as someone else in the family, indicating the condition can also be hereditary. In rare instances, your entire nail may be all-white, a condition known as total leukonychia. Serious cases like this might indicate an underlying health problem, but they also may not. Your doctor’s diagnosis can help settle the matter.

Green Nail Syndrome

This can be a frightening discovery—the green on your nails may be a splotch beneath the nail or you may find vivid, dark, completely green nails. These can appear as either finger or toenails, or both.

One common cause is a bacterial infection. The Pseudomonas bacteria may be picked up from working in or otherwise spending time in water. That could mean gardening in wet weather, working as a dishwasher or swimming in poorly chlorinated pools and hot tubs. People whose jobs cause their fingernails to separate may be especially at risk, too. Such occupations include janitors, plumbers, and gardeners.

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Symptoms of Lipoma

A lipoma is a lump under the skin that occurs due to an overgrowth of fat cells. Doctors consider lipomas to be benign tumors, which mean that they are non-cancerous growths.

Symptoms of Lipoma

They usually appear as small, soft lumps. They’re typically less than 2 inches wide. You could have more than one.

When you press on the lipoma, it may feel doughy. It will move easily with finger pressure. They don’t normally hurt, but they can cause pain if they bump against nearby nerves or have blood vessels running through them.

When to see a doctor

People should always tell their doctor if they notice changes in a lipoma or if more lumps appear. These changes might involve the lipoma:

  • increasing in size or suddenly growing very quickly
  • being painful
  • becoming red or hot
  • turning into a hard or immovable lump
  • causing visible changes in the overlying skin

When is removal necessary?

Lipomas are usually harmless, so most people do not need to have surgery to remove them. People may want to remove a lipoma that:

  • is cancerous
  • is large or growing quickly
  • causes bothersome symptoms, such as pain and discomfort
  • interferes with normal body functions
  • causes distress for cosmetic reasons
  • the doctor is unable to confirm is a lipoma rather than another type of tumor

When to Call a Doctor

If you notice a lump or swelling on your body, have a doctor check it out. They can let you know whether it’s a harmless lipoma or something that needs more tests.

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