Burping (belching) is as common and natural a bodily function as passing gas (farting). Excessive burping can sometimes be accompanied by discomfort or bloating.
Burping is your body’s way of getting rid of excess air from your upper digestive tract. Belches contain oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide.
What causes burping?
Usually, burping is a result of swallowed air building up in your esophagus, the tube that connects your throat to your stomach. This buildup of air is often brought on by:
- drinking or eating too quickly
- talking while you eat
- drinking and eating with poorly fitting dentures
- consuming carbonated drinks
- sucking on hard candy
- chewing gum
Other causes of burping are often accompanied by additional symptoms such as abdominal pain or heartburn. These include:
- aerophagia, which is swallowing air as a nervous habit
- gastritis, an inflammation of the stomach lining
- gastrointestinal reflux disease (GERD), as people with this condition often swallow more frequently
- acid reflux, which can also promote increased swallowing
How Can I Stop Burping?
If you want to stop burping a lot, try changing these six things:
- Toss the Gum. If you chew gum, you’ll tend to have more air in your stomach.
- Eat Slower. Eating slower helps you take in less air. Take time to sit down for a meal and avoid on-the-go meals.
- Try Smaller Meals. Try smaller, more frequent meals rather than two-to-three larger meals per day.
- Focus on Water. Carbonated beverages such as pop, sparkling water and beer cause more belching. The fizz is caused by carbon dioxide, which also causes burping.
- Stop Smoking. When you inhale the smoke, you are also inhaling excess air into your stomach.
Check for Acid Reflux. Acid reflux creates a general irritation for the upper stomach and can affect the esophagus, which means more burping. You can try an over-the-counter antacid, but if discomfort happens often, talk to your doctor