Vaccines are an important part of every individual life. They protect children against communicable diseases. They help strengthen the immune system of the body to protect and fight against harmful pathogens. They reduce the infectious disease burden in the community. Vaccines are very crucial and can cause serious illness, risk of death, life-long disability or serious long term complications if overlooked. Some vaccines are mandatory, while some are optional.
Vaccines at Birth-Mandatory Vaccines
BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guerin) VACCINATION
BCG vaccine is given at birth to prevent serious forms of tuberculosis. It is helpful in some extent to prevent diseases like Leprosy and Buruli ulcers. BCG vaccines are administrated intradermally only on the outer aspect of left shoulder. No other sites are advised for cosmetic reasons. A small bubble like lesion will appear at the site of infection which will gradually turn to a scar. No medicine should be applied on the BCG wound. The baby generally will not get fever after administration of the vaccine. If BCG vaccine is not given at birth, it has to be given to any child up to one year of age.
HEPATITIS B VACCINE
This vaccine helps in prevention of Hepatitis B virus infection which causes serious liver disease in children and adults. Children acquiring Hepatitis B infection at young age are at higher chances of getting serious liver disease which could also lead to liver cancer. The infection can spread from mother to child, sexual transmission, by use of contaminated syringes, blood and blood products.
Hepatitis B vaccine is given to all babies in three cycles, at birth, 6 weeks and 6 months of age
Babies born to Hepatitis B infected mothers need to be given the first dose of the vaccine and Hepatitis B immunoglobulin within 12 hours after birth. The vaccine is administered on the outer side of the thigh. Further vaccines are given at 6 weeks, 10 weeks and an additional dose at 12 months. Hepatitis B vaccine provides indefinite protection. However the vaccination would only provide effective cover for five to seven years. Babies who have missed the birth dose need to take the vaccine at 1.5, 2.5 and 6 months schedule.
One of the challenging diseases of the world, Polio has been eradicated, except for a few countries. Thanks to the Polio Vaccine. Polio is a crippling disease caused by polio virus which causes permanent weakness of the limbs (legs and arms). Serious form of the disease can be life threatening. India was declared Polio free nation in March 2014. It is the duty of every Indian citizen to vaccinate their children with polio vaccines to successfully maintain the polio-free status of our country. Polio vaccines given to the child can be oral polio vaccine (OPV) and injectable polio vaccine (IPV). OPV is given as two drops orally at birth, 6 months, 9 months and 4.5‐5 years. IPV is administered along with OPV as the immunity produced by the combined use of both the vaccines is better than single use. IPV is administered at 6, 10 and 14 weeks and booster at 16‐18 months. Pulse polio immunization is given to all children less than 5 years of age with OPV as part of polio eradication program on National Immunization Days. Side effects with polio vaccines are minimal. Local pain and swelling at the site of injection is very minimal with IPV. Any child who has missed the regular schedule should receive IPV as per doctor’s advice.
Vaccines at Dr. Mehta Hospitals
You can safely administer these vaccines to your new-born babies. Kindly call 044-42271234 to fix an appointment for your new-born’s vaccination needs